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New Zealand declares war on the Ottoman Empire!

November 5, 2014

ottoman empireOn 2 November 1914, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire, an ally of the German and Austro-Hungarian empires. The British Empire (including New Zealand) and France then declared war on the Ottoman Empire on 5 November 1914.

There were three British campaigns directed to the Ottoman Empire; Dardanelles, (with France), Mesopotamia and Sinai-Palestine-Syria. The first of these campaigns was a naval and land campaign and the other two were land campaigns. The Ottomans were eventually defeated due to key attacks by the British general Edmund Allenby.  Source: Wikipedia

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What was the Ottoman Empire?

The Ottoman Empire was created by Turkish tribes in Anatolia. One of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th centuries, it spanned more than 600 years and came to an end only in 1922, when it was replaced by the Turkish Republic and various successor states in southeastern Europe and the Middle East. At its height the empire included most of southeastern Europe to the gates of Vienna, including modern Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia, Romania, Greece, and Ukraine; Iraq, Syria, Israel, and Egypt; North Africa as far west as Algeria; and most of the Arabian Peninsula.

Source: Encyclopaedia Britannica 2014


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